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Asbury Park may be more closely associated with the star but a new exhibition in Freehold the town where the Boss grew up tells an earlier tale, along with 250 years of American history

Darkness on the Edge of Town That Bruce Springsteen song always comes to mind when, on visits to my mother, I drive through Freehold, the town I grew up in, and hit the intersection of East Main Street and Jackson Terrace. This is actually the meeting point of two Freeholds: Freehold Township, once farmland and now McMansions and other unchecked suburban horrors; and Freehold Borough, the old colonial town, dating from the 1600s. Long before that, the area was steeped in the traditions of the displaced Leni Lenape people.

The junction of Jackson and Main still feels like where farmland meets town, a stretch of dark country road, marked by a lonely gas station and a dilapidated barn before the asphalt corridor redefines itself with late-Victorian and early-20th-century buildings often draped in red, white and blue bunting. One Queen Anne-style house is so striking it was used as the family home in 1990s TV show Sabrina the Teenage Witch.

Bruce Springsteens childhood home on Institute Street in Freehold. Photograph: James Leynse/Getty Images

Several blocks away is Freehold High School, a 1920s colonial revival structure mimicking Philadelphias Independence Hall. Thats where Springsteen went to school. I did too, though many years later. When I was young, a popular story told of Springsteen playing guitar in the schools courtyard while teachers rained insults, insisting hed never make anything of himself. Springsteen may be most closely associated with nearby Asbury Park, where he first sang to acclaim, but Freehold is the place the Boss called his hometown.

How the musicians fame stretched from this little town about an hour from Manhattan to the rest of the world is the theme of a new exhibition at Monmouth County Historical Association (70 Court Street) entitled Springsteen: His Hometown.

Scrapbook made by Bruce Springsteens mother, Adele.

More than 150 objects are on display at the exhibition, which runs until the end of September 2020. Some are the MCHAs own, others come from the Springsteen Archives of Monmouth University in Long Branch (his town of birth), with more from private collectors and the Boss himself. There are unreturned keys from hotels Springsteen stayed at early in his career, and a letter to his landlady where he admits to practising his autograph. Clothes, including boots and a leather bomber from the 1980s, sit alongsde a Bruce Springsteen board game created and marketed in Europe by a French fan. Parked in the museums garden is an antique truck the musician and his manager used to travel from gig to gig and to Woodstock.

The exhibitions genealogical section, tracing the life of Joost Springsteen, the Bosss earliest New Amsterdam ancestor, offers ways to explore beyond the towns famous son.

In the museums permanent exhibition, the 1778 Battle of Monmouth is commemorated by two valuable objects: a Dennis Carter painting of revolutionary folk heroine Molly Pitcher with George Washington; and another of the battle itself by Emanuel Leutze, better known for his Washington Crossing the Delaware (in New Yorks Met).

Springsteens 1967 school yearbook

Borough historian Kevin Coyne, who is also a Columbia University journalism professor and features in a mini-documentary about the town, said: A little piece of everything that has happened in America has happened here: colonial settlers, the revolution, the civil war, agricultural prosperity, the rise and fall of manufacturing, racial tensions, creeping suburbanisation. It all played out here, and Springsteen and his ancestors have been part of every stage.

So while Springsteen is Freeholds main lure, it holds centuries of American lore, too. The exhibition blends recent musical history with revolutionary heritage of this town, which was once called Monmouth Courthouse, an important early stagecoach link between New York and Philadelphia.

Just across the street from the MCHA, the Battle of Monmouth monument has a dramatic bronze of Molly Pitcher, hair fiercely windswept as she loads a cannon. The 1950s Monmouth Courthouse, with its mix of period enamelled turquoise panels and classical columns, was the site of another battle with international implications: the 1980s Baby M court case, one of the earliest to rule on surrogate parenting. (Mary Beth Whitehead had contracted with a family called the Sterns to carry a child for them, but changed her mind after giving birth. The court ruled surrogacy contracts invalid, but the Sterns won a protracted custody battle.)

Old artillery at Monmouth Battlefield Park

Theres more about the revolution at Monmouth Battlefield state park, in neighbouring Manalapan Township, behind the Freehold Raceway Mall. The preserved land here is all that is left undeveloped from the massive battle nearly 250 years ago, at which the British had to abandon hope of a military victory. The bucolic setting is now better-known for summer weddings and autumn apple picking.

The shopping mall takes its name from Freehold Raceway, Americas oldest harness horse racing track, dating from the 1830s. The old track is a remnant of Monmouth Countys long history of racehorse breeding, before Kentucky became pre-eminent.

Equestrian stables such as Burlington Farm, on a colonial road laid over an ancient Native American path to the Atlantic, continue this tradition. My school was across the street, and the horses running through the fields and poking their heads through the mossy split-log fencing mesmerised me as a child. Springsteens daughter, Jessica, was just as taken by horses, though her parents had the means to actually own them. She learned on her fathers estate in neighbouring Colts Neck and is now a champion rider.

Dedicated Springsteen fans can a take tour of the area. Stan Goldstein and Jean Mikle, members of the Spring-Nuts fan club, runs Springsteen tours (from $20pp, book through NJ Rock Map). As well as Asbury Park, their four-hour tour also includes Freehold, taking in Springsteens Catholic elementary school, St Rose of Lima, and the Karagheusian rug mill, where his father worked and which made carpets for Radio City Music Hall and the US Supreme Court.

If exploring on your own, check out Federicis Family Restaurant on 14 East Main Street. Owned for nearly 100 years by relatives of late founding E Street Band member Danny Federici, it is steeped in Italian-American and Springsteen history. Outside, in good weather, its one of the busiest downtown venues, with sidewalk seating near where bands play in summer. Much of the inside space is dark, cavernous and cosy, with booth seating and a menu heavy with Italian choices.

Nearby St Peters Episcopal is one of Americas last colonial churches and oldest continuous congregations. The current clapboard structure was begun in 1771. Construction halted in the Revolution, though it served as a storehouse and hospital during the Battle of Monmouth. As children, we were told the pews had patriots blood stains and there was a mass unmarked grave out front.

The American Hotel, on Main Street.

Freehold isnt a big town: most places are within walking distance of the bus station, from which half-hourly buses run to Manhattan. He mentions the bus stop in My Hometown (on the Born in the USA album) as the place his eight-year-old self would buy his father a newspaper.

If staying overnight, try the American Hotel (doubles from $135 B&B), which dates from 1827 and the stagecoach era. The facade is a more New Orleans than Mid-Atlantic, with its ornate wrought iron balconies overlooking outdoor tables on East Main Street. The rebuilt interior maintains the large Federal-style wooden fireplace, but the 20 spacious rooms have a neutral modern feel. The hotels lobby and bar have long made the American Hotel an important social centre in the middle of town a perfect place to raise a glass to the Bosss hometown.

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Joel tells crowd at Madison Square Garden gig he built motorcycle that left the Boss stranded by side of the road in New Jersey

There could be no worse fate for a broken hero on a last-chance powerdrive than to break down at the side of the road. But that is exactly what happened to Bruce Springsteen recently. And now a fellow blue-collar rocker from the tri-state area has stepped forward to take the blame for Bruce Springsteens motorcycle mishap.

Earlier in November, Springsteen was stranded by the side of the road in New Jersey when he was rescued by a group of bikers from the Freehold American Legion who took him to a local bar until he could be picked up.

On Monday, Billy Joel told an audience in New York that he had built the bike Springsteen had been riding. Joel put the machine together at 20th Century Cycles, the motorcycle gallery he owns in Oyster Bay, Long Island. The gallery displays Joels collection of around 60 vintage bikes.

Joel played Born to Run during his show at Madison Square Garden in New York on Monday, then told the crowd he had called Springsteen to apologise for the motorcycle mishap. No worries, Springsteen replied.

Joel is currently in the midst of Madison Square Garden residency that has been running since January 2014 he has sworn to play there every month until there is no longer demand. He recently announced his 38th show of the residency, taking place on 22 February 2017.

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Bruce Springsteen, Diana Ross and Ellen DeGeneres also among 21 athletes, philanthropists and entertainers chosen to receive highest civilian honor in US

In one of his final acts in office, Barack Obama selected key figures in sports, entrepreneurship, philanthropy, activism, academia and entertainment among the 21 people who will be awarded the 2016 Presidential Medal of Freedom the highest civilian honor in the US.

Obama will present recipients including rocker Bruce Springsteen, Motown soul singer Diana Ross, former basketball champions Michael Jordan and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar and actors Tom Hanks, Robert De Niro and Robert Redford with the medal at a White House ceremony on 22 November, the White House said on Wednesday.

The Presidential Medal of Freedom is not just our nations highest civilian honor its a tribute to the idea that all of us, no matter where we come from, have the opportunity to change this country for the better, Obama said in a statement.

The medal is given annually to people who have made outstanding contributions to the security or national interests of the US, to world peace, or to cultural or other significant public or private endeavors.

This years roster also includes Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates and his wife Melinda for their philanthropic foundation, TV talkshow host Ellen DeGeneres, veteran actor Cicely Tyson, architect Frank Gehry and baseball broadcaster Vin Scully.

The group also includes several not so well known Americans, such as late Native American community leader Elouise Cobell and Nasa moon landing computer scientist Margaret H Hamilton.

Obama leaves office in January after eight years, following the election of Republican businessman Donald Trump.

Previous recipients of the medal from Obama include baseball champion Yogi Berra, singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, director Steven Spielberg and former US secretary of state Madeleine Albright.

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The global superstar talks about the masculine facade of Donald Trump, the strength he inherited from his mother, the philosophy he shares with fans, and the joy he delivers on stage

Bruce Springsteen exists at that rarified level of fame where you get to move like a Dalek, without ever actually having to touch anything. When he is out in public, at least when he is being the Springsteen who is Brooooooce, the Springsteen who is the Boss, rather than the one whos been married for 25 years and has three kids no obstacles stand in his way. No door is left unopened, no person steps out in front of him, and if you find yourself in his orbit, you cant help but find the gravitational pull of stardom yanking you into your position.

Ive seen and experienced this a couple of times. In 2010, when he attended a screening of the documentary about him, The Promise, at BFI Southbank in London, a friend and I were walking down the red carpet towards the cinema when there was a stir around us; we felt it before we noticed the faces lining the barriers turning in one direction. Behind us, Springsteen had alighted from a people carrier. We panicked Were not meant to be here! Where do we go? and made ourselves as small and invisible at the edge of the carpet as we could while he ambled past and the energy followed behind. I dont remember how the doors opened, but Im pretty sure he didnt have to lift a finger.

Then backstage at the Ricoh Arena in Coventry, this past June. Springsteen was just finishing his final number an acoustic version of his wonderful 1975 redemption song Thunder Road. We were in the access tunnel at the side of the stage, where a fleet of black luxury cars lined up, windows tinted, engines ticking over, waiting for him and the band to leave the stage, to be whisked from the stadium before the house lights have flashed on, while tens of thousands are still finishing their drinks and working out where the nearest exit is. It is, doubtless, the same wherever he plays.

Watch a young Bruce Springsteen perform Thunder Road.

The 67-year-old Bruce Springsteen who enters the room at his favoured London luxury hotel door opened by someone else, naturally, and it took three people to wait with me for him to enter has skin the colour of wealth and clothes so casual they could only be expensive: a close-fitting jacket, a slightly scoop-necked T-shirt, and jeans whose left leg is flecked with white paint, as if hes just been touching up the cornicing in the corridors. You half wonder if someone splattered the paint on for him, just to keep things looking blue collar.

Hes here promoting his autobiography, Born to Run. Before London, hed been on a nine-date book tour of US cities, meeting his flock, opening touchingly with an appearance in his home town of Freehold, New Jersey (pop: 12,052), to which people travelled from across the east coast. Even that turned into a major operation: the Guardian reported that at least eight police officers were on duty around the branch of Barnes and Noble, with around twice that number of private security guards.

Springsteen estimates he has scrawled his signature on 17,000 copies of the book. Perhaps surprisingly, hes rather enjoyed the experience. You meet the fans only for 10 seconds, but you meet them one by one, he says. And they have an opportunity: whats the one thing you always wanted to say over the 40 years of the relationship weve had? I actually found it quite moving. Always enjoyed that part. I used to love to drift around, bump into people, see what their lives were like, wander into their lives for a few moments then drift back out. It appealed to the transient nature of my personality. I liked the idea of being here and then being gone, this little spirit moving through the world.

A couple of days before we meet, he opens the European leg of his promo jaunt with an event in front of an invited audience of journalists at the ICA in London, where he notes that when the fans have met him, one of the commonest responses has been: Youre shorter than I expected. Here, too, the reverence is striking. When questions are opened to the floor, someone identifying himself as Eddie from Ireland tells Springsteen: Such is the affection that the people of Ireland have for you, that if you ran for president of Ireland in the morning, youd be elected. When the event winds up, a throng of middle-aged men gathers at the front of the stage to get their copies of Born to Run signed.

It is a pretty decent book, in a genre the rock autobiography replete with stinkers. (But then, youd hope it would be a pretty decent book given that Springsteen was reportedly paid $10m to write it.) It deserves to have topped the bestseller lists on both sides of the Atlantic, for its honesty about Springsteens difficult childhood, his troubled relationship with his father, his struggles with depression, and his unyielding faith in the redemptive power of rocknroll. He writes about the first time depression struck, in the early 1980s, in a way that resonates powerfully: he is on a road trip with a friend, stopping at a small-town fair, when, From nowhere, a despair overcomes me; I feel an envy of these men and women and their late summer ritual, the small pleasures that bind them and this town together. Now, for all I know these folks may hate this one-dog dump and each others guts and be screwing one anothers husbands and wives like rabbits. Why wouldnt they? But right now, all I can think of is that I want to be amongst them, of them, and I cant. I can only watch.

That depression still haunts him, fended off by performing in the book he talks of being crushed between 60 and 62, good for a year, and out again from 63 to 64 and I want to ask what his favoured antidepressant is, whether Sertraline (Zoloft in the States) performed the miracles for him it did for me. But there doesnt really seem to be a good way to ask about a heros pill regimen.


Its less than a month, when we speak, before the US elections, and Springsteen is getting increasingly confident that Donald Trump wont win. Hes no less scathing about the Republican candidate for that confidence, though. We talk about the contrast between the American ideal of masculinity generous, confident, empathetic, determined; the one you think of when you imagine the Greatest Generation who fought in the second world war and the one Trump presents. He laughs at the difference. In Trumps case, the facade is easy to see through, and what you see is a bundle of anxiety, fragility and insecurity, he says. Its the thinnest possible mask of masculinity. And it wouldnt fool anybody from the Greatest Generation. Theres a faint hesitation around his use of those words, as if acknowledging that not everyone who fought in the war, including his father, was necessarily great. Its such a thin costume that for me it doesnt hold for a moment. But there have been quite a few people he has attracted along the way, so I suppose the bluster works to a certain degree. Hes really quite an embarrassment if youre from the USA. Its simply the most rigid and thinnest veil of masculinity over a mess.

Watch Bruce Springsteen campaign for Barack Obama in 2012.

Springsteen notes that hes been asked about Trump a lot as hes promoted his book. And, despite a reputation for political engagement, hes evidently a little tired of it. In fact, hes been relatively quiet this election. Though he appeared at campaign events for both Barack Obama and John Kerry, he hasnt stumped for Hillary Clinton. His most notable piece of activism this year came in April when he pulled out of a show in North Carolina in protest at the states bathroom law, dictating which public toilets transgender people could use: To my mind, its an attempt by people who cannot stand the progress our country has made in recognising the human rights of all of our citizens to overturn that progress, he wrote on his website at the time.

His politics are simple, and basically non-partisan. When hes used his voice it has tended to be to support specific causes his tours have supported food banks in cities where hes played; he went on Amnesty Internationals Human Rights Now! tour in 1988; he donated 16,000 to Durham miners during the 1985 miners strike. In song, he has returned repeatedly not just in Born in the USA to the plight of Americas Vietnam veterans.

He believes in fairness, people being treated decently, the right to a job, medical treatment, education, decent housing, childcare, and open government. He once surprised an interviewer by observing: To me, these are all conservative ideas Economic stability. Health. Thats not remotely radical.

Arguably the biggest influence on his politics was his manager, Jon Landau, the former music writer whom he met when he was studying a gig review pinned up outside a Boston club before his appearance in April 1974. Landau, the reviews writer, sidled up and asked the young musician what he thought. Thus began a friendship that transformed into a professional relationship, and something more: in Born to Run, Springsteen speaks of him being the Clark to my Lewis. Its not so much that Landau told Springsteen what to think, more that he guided him to the books and films that might provoke him to think.

One of the binds of that, though, is the number of heartland American fans the ones who are voting Trump who believe Springsteen would think like them if only, as one contributor to the Backstreets fansite recently suggested, he hadnt been brainwashed into liberalism by Landau and others in his inner circle. On the other hand, there are those who think it outrageous that someone whose songs display an extraordinary empathy for ordinary people should dare to have homes in New Jersey, Florida and Los Angeles, and charge 100 per ticket to see him (the guarantee he demands from promoters for live shows is reputed to be among the largest in music; certainly, I received no reply from Landau last year when I wrote offering a guaranteed 700 and a lift down from London in my Ford Focus if Springsteen fancied playing a solo set at Ramsgate Music Hall).

For Springsteen, politics seems to be about the way you live your life as much as anything. Its about being decent. About being fair to others. Being a good man. So what does being a good man entail?

Thats a big question,

It is.

I guess, really I probably learned the best answers to that from my mother. My mother was basically decent, compassionate, strong, wilful. She insisted on creating a world where she could make her children feel as safe as possible, even though she certainly had her faults in that area. But she was consistent. You could count on her. Day after day after day. And she was very strong. The best part of me picked up a lot of those characteristics and I struggle to live up to them today. So I think dependability, strength, wilfulness put in the service of something good those are the things that matter to me.

Bruce Springsteen photographed in New Jersey, October 1979. Photograph: The Estate of David Gahr/Getty Images

His mother had to be the rock because his childhood in New Jersey was, to say the least, peculiar. He spent a chunk of it in the early 1950s living in Freehold with a paternal grandmother who loved him too much, compensating for the death of her daughter in 1927 (It was very emotionally incestuous and a lot of parental roles got crossed, he told the writer Peter Ames Carlin); school was cruel, his father Doug consumed by an often silent rage against the world, and against the son who mystified him crueller still, emotionally at least.

Born to Run paints a picture of a childhood that is semi-feral, where Springsteen might refuse to go to school, and his grandmother would back him up. I think I was a little unusual in that I went into rocknroll music to create order out of my life, he says. My younger life felt rather chaotic, so I was in search of some stability, actually, some order.

As a kid, he felt invisible. That stopped when he started playing guitar. Suddenly I was able to make a very loud noise, and a noise that was not so easy to ignore, he says. I had my little rocknroll band and we were playing to a small gym full of dancers and their friends, and they immediately looked at you as a presence in their lives.

When he was 19 his parents moved to California, and he was free to pursue music, to become as he would say on stage years later a prisoner a prisoner of rocknroll.

Politics started entering Springsteens music, though far from explicitly, with his fourth album, Darkness on the Edge of Town, in 1978. That was when his music ceased to be the myth-making epics of his first three albums, and he started writing instead about ordinary people and their struggles. He wasnt informed by reading political tracts. I just referred to my experiences growing up my parents lives, my sisters life.

Watch a trailer for the documentary Springsteen & I.

His parents had struggled to make ends meet, his mother working as a legal secretary, his father in a succession of blue-collar jobs. His sister had married in her teens, and she and her husbands travails inspired his masterly song The River, about a couple trying to face up to the wedge that joblessness drives into relationships. I was surrounded by people who were youthful but living very complicated adult lives, he says. They were having kids at young ages and trying to build a work life and a home life that was very adult. It was very easy to draw upon. It wasnt a stretch or a strain.


The songs about ordinary lives combined with Springsteens revelatory, ecstatic live performances built the bond with his audience that has lasted more than 40 years, and itself became the subject of an extraordinarily moving film in 2013, Springsteen & I. I dont think he takes that relationship for granted. He understands that people want a piece of him for themselves: at that BFI Southbank event in 2010, Springsteen came to the bar afterwards; while his entourage sat in the corner, talking to one another, he perched on the back of a sofa facing the room. A receiving line of people queueing for a photo and autograph formed, and he stayed until everyone had their moment (my photo was out of focus; I got the autograph for my sister).

People think they know Springsteen. They have an image of Bob Dylan (inscrutable), Neil Young (irascible), Paul McCartney (wearingly cheerful; Springsteen laughs when I use the old Smash Hits name of Fab Wacky Macca Thumbs Aloft). But they can imagine watching sports in a bar with Springsteen, which perhaps accounts for why people get a bit overexcited I do not excuse myself from this at the prospect of meeting him (fan accounts of encounters almost always dwell, approvingly, on what an ordinary guy he is. Even if he is shorter than expected).

They think they know Springsteen because, these days, hes as much an idea, an ideal, as a person.

Sure, thats true, he says, of that notion. You bring with you an entire philosophy, a certain code of living, I suppose. Its something you pursue. My heroes were people like Frank Sinatra, Hank Williams, Woody Guthrie, Bob Dylan. These were all people who brought their entire philosophy along with them, created a world that would engulf you and give you you, assist you in different ways of living, different ways of presenting yourself. Those were the artists that always interested me. They always seemed to carry a realisation of what being a musician might mean, could mean, the possibilities of what being a musician could be. That was something I was at least semiconscious of trying to create.

Springsteen performing with his wife, Patti Scialfa, in 2005. Photograph: KMazur/WireImage

And when did he realise he had become an idea in the minds of his public?

Im not sure. If youre doing it right, its a byproduct of all your actions and all your choices and what youve created.

It should be noted at this point that Springsteen appears to know exactly what he thinks about every aspect of his life and art and how they interact. I guess thats inevitable. First, hes just written a 500-page book about those subjects; second, hes been in therapy for decades; third, he and Landau based their entire relationship on talking at exhaustive length about all this stuff. But, for an interviewer, its a bit odd. The most fascinating moments in interviews usually come when you catch a subject by surprise and you can see them deciding what they think about something. With Springsteen, it feels more like hes searching through his mental hard drive for the relevant file.

Thats not to say his answers are not fascinating (they are) or cursory (they very much are not). When asked what he means when he says his covenant with his audience depends on honesty, he replies without pause, without any errs or urrms, in a single perfect paragraph, that requires not one piece of tidying in the transcription: I guess we come out and deliver the straight dope to our crowd as best we can. Its coming on stage with the idea: OK, well the stakes that are involved this evening are quite high. I dont know exactly whos in the crowd. But I know that my life was changed in an instant by something that people thought was purely junk pop music records. And you can change someones life in three minutes with the right song. I still believe that to this day. You can bend the course of their development, what they think is important, of how vital and alive they feel. You can contextualise very, very difficult experiences. Songs are pretty good at that. So all these are the stakes that are laid out on the table when you come out at night. And I still take those stakes seriously after all that time, if not more so now, as the light grows slightly dimmer. I come out believing theres no tomorrow night, there wasnt last night, theres just tonight. And I have built up the skills to be able to provide, under the right conditions, a certain transcendent evening, hopefully an evening youll remember when you go home. Not that youll just remember it was a good concert, but youll remember the possibilities the evening laid out in front of you, as far as where you could take your life, or how youre thinking about your friends, or your wife or your girlfriend, or your best pal, or your job, your work, what you want to do with your life. These are all things, I believe, that music can accommodate and can provide service in. Thats what we try to deliver.

I email that paragraph to a Springsteen obsessive friend, who blogs about both Springsteen and burgers. She writes back: It sounds silly, and I try to explain to people, but going to Springsteen shows has shaped a lot of changes in my life. I went to South Africa for a week on my own for four concerts, felt revived, like I could achieve anything. So I left my job and tried to get into journalism, something Id wanted to do since I was 10. And thats why I feel like I have to go to Australia [to see Springsteen next year], too, because I need to find that direction again. Its a funny way to live your life, seeking these highs, living the lows, but ultimately I think Im better off for it. I really dont know what Id do without his music in my life.

Watch the video for Bruce Springsteens Tougher Than the Rest.

I ask Springsteen if he ever looks at fansites and messageboards.

No. (I bet he does. I really, really bet he does.)

Then is he unaware of the section of his hardcore fanbase who complain that his sets are too predictable because he only changes half of a three-hour-plus set from night to night, instead of the whole thing? Ive seen that, he says. You have to indulge your hardcore fans. Its really all right.

Youre more tolerant than Id be. Id tell them where to get off. No one else changes their sets like you! They should be grateful!

He doesnt reply. He just laughs long and hard, his head back, his eyes creasing.


On 5 June this year, as the sun set over Wembley Stadium, Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band struck up the sombre opening chords of Tougher Than the Rest, the 1987 single about the difficulties of adult love that marked his return after Born in the USA had made him the worlds biggest rock star. Stepping up to the front of the stage to duet with him was Patti Scialfa, a member of the E Street Band since 1984, and his second wife his first marriage, to Julianne Phillips, ended quickly (in Born to Run, Springsteen admits he was wholly unready for it). Three days after performing what might as well be their theme song, Scialfa and Springsteen marked their 25th wedding anniversary.

Her presence changed not just Springsteens life but his work, too. The E Street Band stopped being an all-male preserve, a gang, forcing a change in their behaviour and attitudes. I think women are in general a good influence on growing up, on growing into your manhood, he says, delicately.

And then when they had children two sons, Evan and Sam, born in 1990 and 1994, and a daughter, Jessica, in 1991 his life was altered even more profoundly. If I was going to chop my life into sections, he says, it would be before the children and after the children, certainly. Just changed my entire worldview. Changed the way I looked at myself. Changed the way I looked at my job. Gave me an entirely separate identity away from my music, which I found to be very fulfilling.

Springsteen performing in 1984, the year Born in the USA took him to new commercial heights. Photograph: Images Press/Getty Images

Before he had children, Springsteen had assumed that whatever he was working on was what everyone around him should be concentrating on. He recalls his bafflement when Jon Landau had his first child, and would suddenly start leaving recording sessions at 6pm, to go and bathe his baby daughter. I remember thinking he adopts a puzzled tone, You gotta go home and bathe your daughter? Were doing A, B, C or D, which I happen to think is the most important thing in the world right now. But of course its not.

Having children made Springsteen realise that his work wasnt his life, it was a substitute for life. I realised that previously Id expanded my work life so that Id have something to do during the day, and into the evening. Without it, what am I gonna do? Go home, sit in a chair and watch TV? So Id expanded the time it took me to do my job. Once the kids came along, I realised, I could squeeze my previous 18 hours of work day into six or eight, without any problems whatsoever. I realised the song is always going to be there theres always going to be a song in your heart or in your head but kids, theyre there and then theyre gone. And when theyre gone, theyre gone. Once I realised that, I found a tremendous freedom from the tyranny of my own mind.

You couldnt say that Springsteen has slowed down, though, especially now the kids are gone. This summers tour of European and US stadiums saw him playing some of his longest ever shows, breaking the four-hour barrier with no intermissions, unlike his late-70s marathons on occasion. Springsteen says he has no problems finding the energy to play them, but its not so easy for some of his bandmates. Before Springsteen arrives, his co-manager Barbara Carr mentions that Max Weinberg, the 65-year-old drummer, spends all his time between shows sequestered in his hotel room, the windows blacked out, the gaps between door and frame filled to block out all noise, simply recuperating from the previous gig.

Thats the price the band must pay in order to deliver what Springsteen wants: I come out on stage to deliver to you the greatest band in the world, he says. I still have great pride in what I do. I still believe in its power. I believe in my ability to transfer its power to you. Thats never changed. One of the things our band was very good at communicating was that sense of joy, which I think makes us somewhat unique. Rock bands try to project a lot of different things: intensity, mystery, sexuality, cool. Not a lot of rock bands concentrate on joy, and I got that from my relatives on the Italian side they lived it and they passed it down to me.

The ambition that drove him to chase perfection 40 years ago when he would spend hours shouting Stick! at Weinberg in the studio, insisting he somehow find a way to play his snare without the sound of stick hitting the skin being audible is still present.

I ask if, for all his testimonies to the simple power of playing rocknroll, and how he says hes happy pitching up for an impromptu set at a local bar with a pick-up band, whether he would have been content if hed ended up precisely as popular as his friends and contemporaries Southside Johnny and Joe Grushecky, blue-collar rockers who never transcended the clubs. I would probably be an old, disgruntled entertainer, he says, then chuckles at the very notion that he might not have conquered the world. I was shooting for the whole show. But I certainly would have made my peace with it. Any time you make your living as a musician, youre way ahead of the game. Youre way ahead of the game. I always thought: Gee, Im making a living scratching on a piece of wood. I cant complain too much.

In 1975, when he was promoting the Born to Run album, there was a story Springsteen used to tell interviewers. While he was recording the album in New York, he was staying in a grotty outpost of Holiday Inn, in one of Manhattans less salubrious districts. In his room was a mirror, which hung crooked. Every morning he would dutifully straighten the mirror. And when he returned to his room, the mirror would be askew again. And so, once more, hed correct it. And again it would slip off centre.

It is, I suggest, a perfect metaphor for a man driven, even when the reasons for his drive, his desperation, might seem unclear to those around him. He smiles. And, rather unexpectedly, quotes Immanuel Kant back at me: Out of the crooked timber of humanity, no straight thing was ever made.

And then the door opens, and he glides away, no obstacles in his path.

Born to Run is published by Simon & Schuster (20). Click here to buy it for 16.40

Bruces backpages: the songs that define Springsteen

Rosalita (Come Out Tonight)
A showstopping, Van Morrisonesque epic thats still a highlight of Springsteens live shows, Rosalita sprawls and swerves and swings, irresistibly. It also has the couplet that most encapsulates the joy it must have been to be young and on the cusp of greatness: Tell him this is his last chance to get his daughter in a fine romance / Cos the record company, Rosie, they just gave me a big advance.

Born to Run
It took until his third album for Springsteen to write the song that defined him, and of which he has still not tired. Good songs collect the years, cumulative meaning, he says. They grow with you. Play Born to Run and it just allows more people in. Ill see a 15-year-old kid singing every word, and Ill see a grandma too! A good song keeps its arms open and welcomes those who come to it over the years.

Darkness on the Edge of Town
The album Darkness on the Edge of Town saw Springsteen ditching mythologising and writing about adult dilemmas. I was very concerned about writing music that I felt an adult voice could sing, he says. I felt that was a trap some bands fell into. I never wanted to have to come out on stage and pretend. Of course, its all pretending, I suppose. But I wanted to feel comfortable in my own skin.

The River
In growing up, Springsteen says, you have to come face to face with a lot of your weaknesses and the things you do poorly, so that youre able to assess the landscape and find out what are the righteous paths you can travel down, and what are the roads that are just going to lead you to a dead end. The River, of course, is the song I wrote about that specific idea.

Born in the USA
The acoustic version recorded at the time of the Nebraska album allows none of the ambiguity of the stadium-crushing version released two years later. Spare and haunted, a howl from the margins, and utterly unsuited to being co-opted by Ronald Reagan, it would remain unreleased until the 1998 Tracks box set.

Brilliant Disguise
Springsteens first marriage failed but led to the brilliant, introspective album Tunnel of Love. This single seemed to be an autobiographical take on his relationship, with a devastating payoff: God have mercy on the man / Who doubts what hes sure of.

The Ghost of Tom Joad
The lives of the dispossessed were the theme of the largely acoustic album The Ghost of Tom Joad. The title track seems to echo Born to Run when it claims the highway is alive tonight. But this time nobodys kidding nobody about where it goes. Desolate and beautiful.

Long Walk Home
An idealised small-town America turns out to be a ghost town as the Bush years come to a close the diner was shuttered and boarded, with a sign that just said Gone. To get back to the America of the national dream will take a long walk so long we shouldnt wait up for Bruce.

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The Boss speaks out against Trump, and opens up about his approach to parenting, at an event in London to promote his autobiography, Born to Run

Bruce Springsteen has again condemned Donald Trump, with less than a month before the US presidential election. Springsteen, who had previously called the Republican presidential candidate a moron, told an audience in London: Its a terrible thing thats happening in the States. Hes undermining the entire democratic tradition.

Springsteen was speaking at an invitation-only event for European press at the Institute of Contemporary Arts in London to promote his autobiography, Born to Run. When asked by host Antoine de Caunes to explain to Europeans the appeal of Trump, Springsteen replied: Nobodys been able to explain that.

Springsteen also paid further tribute to Bob Dylan, following the latter winning the Nobel prize in literature. Like a Rolling Stone was the first time I heard a version of my country that felt naggingly real, he said. Long after all of us are forgotten, Bobs work is going to be ringing out loud and clear. He contrasted Dylans writing favourably with his own work: Bobs certainly a poet. Im a hardworking journeyman.

Born to Run dealt extensively with Springsteens family, covering not just his relationship with his parents and grandparents, but also the changes parenthood had wrought on his own life. He said the final section of the book, writing about everyone you know now, was the hardest to write. I showed my kids the things I wrote about them, he said. Patti [Scialfa, his wife] and I discussed that section of the book and she didnt change anything, [though] she wasnt necessarily comfortable with everything. There were some things I wasnt comfortable with myself. But she gave me a lot of room to explore.

Discussing how his troubled relationship with his father had affected his own parenting, he spoke of how people honour their own parents by trying to steer away from the things they had difficulty with and by passing on the things they did well. The difficult thing was not having a role model to pass on what it meant to be a good parent, he said. That meant being a father did not come naturally: the suspension of deep personal time; the giving over of yourself at any moment of the day. I was used to my work taking over my time. It was my sacred space. To have Hey! I need a ride to Billys house, was something it took me a while to get used to. But I have a good relationship with my kids. I wouldnt say I was perfect, but I did OK.

He spoke, too, about how playing live had helped him cope with the depression that had struck him at intervals over the past 30 years. Playing such long sets Springsteen routinely goes well past three hours when performing with the E Street Band meant he would be too tired to be depressed. To be depressed you need to have certain amount of energy, to go hunting through the weeds. Theres also a great centring element that wards off [the effects of depression]. It hardens your centre; that wards off self doubt and the unproductive questioning that comes with depression.

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New Jerseys most famous musical son has had at least 41 books written about him but thats nowhere near enough to put him at the top of the chart

The release of Bruce Springsteens autobiography this week caused a predictable stir among fans, some of who queued for hours to meet the Boss as he began his book tour.

But the book, titled Born to Run, is far from the only work about the rock star. The British Library lists 41 titles with Springsteen as their subject matter, from biographies and photographic collections to Bruce Springsteen and Philosophy.

But, while impressive, the number of books about Springsteen is small compared to some other solo artists who have been inducted into Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

We worked this out by counting every title that lists a given rock star as its subject. The undisputed victor, unsurprisingly, is Bob Dylan, with 138 three times as many as Springsteen.

John Lennon comes next with 98 titles, Elvis Presley ranks third with 97, while Michael Jackson and Bob Marley round out the top five.

The Beatles (as so often is the case) deserve special mention: the group was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1988, but all four individual members were later inducted individually.

The British Library has 54 books about Paul McCartney, George Harrison is the subject of 19, while Ringo Starr has five books listed against his name.

Madonna is the only female artists that ranks in the top 10 with 53 titles about her a dozen more than Springsteen.

pop and rock stars who have inspired the most books

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Greetings from Freehold, New Jersey, where Bruce Springsteen greeted the faithful as he promoted his new autobiography at a Barnes and Noble

Bruce Springsteen opened the book tour for his new autobiography, Born to Run, with a meet-and-greet in Freehold, New Jersey, the singers hometown, on Tuesday.

A Barnes and Noble parking lot in the central Jersey town off Highway 9 (yes, the one from the songs) was temporarily transformed into something closer to a concert queue. Metal barriers corralled admirers, wristbands were handed out, fans ranging from children to the elderly waited in line, and a family atmosphere prevailed.

I left Long Island at 5.30am this morning, said Marci Goldfarb, a 53-year-old mother of three sons. I have been to over 100 shows. I met him in Stockholm, she said, adding she was first in line for that show.

On her 28th wedding anniversary, she and her husband danced onstage to the Bruce ballad I Wanna Marry You on stage as the singer looked on. She carried a folded and worn 8-by-11in photo to prove it. As much joy as he feels playing, which is enormous from the book, we get from him playing.

She and two friends, who had also stood in line for hours, said in unison that Springsteen shows were a religious experience.

Like being in a cathedral, said Todd Kauffman, 52, who drove from Maryland, and shares his love of Springsteen with his 17-year-old daughter.

Indeed, Springsteens interactions with fans inside Freeholds Barnes and Noble recalled a papal visit. No visit lasted longer than about 10 seconds, and most were significantly shorter. More than one woman gave him a big kiss on the cheek, through which he smiled. Men gave him hardy handshakes and hugs. Fans, well, just wanted to touch him. Many welled up afterward.

Each fan received a copy of Springsteens new book, pre-signed, anticipation of which was heightened earlier this month when the singer revealed in an interview with Vanity Fair that he had struggled with depression.

I would wait for a week to meet Springsteen, Kim Rapella, 45, said. This is the only item on the bucket list.

Springsteen is known for playing four-hour shows filled with crowd-pleasing hits, and his fans, especially those lining up in the parking lot on Tuesday, are fiercely loyal. People started listening in 72 or in 80, they said. Some might have been only 10 years old when they went to their first show, thanks to a cooler older sibling. Younger fans celebrated weddings with Springsteen songs.

Susan Hogan, 63, said her sons recent wedding had included a tribute to the singer. Theyre all Jersey boys, and we all lined up and went, Tramps like us! she said, quoting a lyric from Born to Run, the 1975 single after which he named his new book.

Springsteen appears to reciprocate that love, having showed up more than hour early to the event.

He did not take questions from the media, and sweaty assistants shoved reporters and video journalists out the door soon after the event started. Springsteen remained, hugging fans in a black leather jacket, jeans, and motorcycle boots.

All the excitement in the parking lot and corporate book store made it easy to forget that Springsteens status as a major American phenomenon comes with an attendant security apparatus.

At least eight Freehold police officers patrolled the area, and officers estimated there were at least 15 black-suited private security guards patrolling the front door and exits of the bookstore. An army of media representatives, from Barnes and Noble and Bruces entourage, scurried in and out of the front door. At one point police threatened to arrest the Guardian for lingering too long.

Still, there was little that could dampen the joy of fans who had flown in from Israel and Alabama, driven from DC or the middle of Long Island in the dark, or who had planned a vacation around the experience.

Jodi Placek, 47, still in the roped-off area near the singer and within earshot, threw her hands in the air immediately after hugging the Boss and exclaimed of herself: She floats away, not touching the ground!

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Springsteens frankness about mental health extends the evolution of our notion of American manhood and adds a new layer to our understanding of his work

In 2012, Bruce Springsteen released Wrecking Ball, an album groaning with grim tales of able-bodied men who cant get jobs, money lenders who suck small towns dry and monuments torn down without regard to history or sentiment.

At the time, it seemed an apt reflection of the lingering American recession. Now, it has come to light, it also reflected something personal.

In a new interview with Vanity Fair, held to promote his upcoming autobiography Born to Run, the 66-year-old star talked about his lifelong wrestle with depression, a condition which took a particularly difficult turn when he was creating Wrecking Ball. Springsteen said that his wife Patti Scialfa likened his experience to a freight train bearing down, loaded with nitroglycerin, and running quickly out of track.

Apparently, one song on the album, This Depression, couldnt have been more literal-minded about its title. Like many of the songs on the set, its an aural slog, larded with instrumentation and fogged by dense production. I admit I didnt like the track very much when it came out. But I listened again when I read Springsteens quotes and I heard something new. His candor led me through the cloud of the music to hear his experience. Amid the murk of the arrangement, I could sense a feeling of emotional ruin lurking there, searching for an avenue of expression. It clarified the song, without making it seem cut-off or self-involved.

Thats not the way these things are supposed to work. Backstories arent meant to matter when judging a song. Trust the art, not the artist, were told. And, normally, thats good advice. Shakespeare didnt have to kill anyone to write Macbeth, just as a young Bob Dylan didnt have to go off to war in order to protest it. All an artist needs is imagination, empathy and a mountain of skill. Springsteen long ago proved he has all those talents. Otherwise he would not have been able to record so many convincing tales of poor and struggling people decades after achieving fantastic wealth and success.

At the same time, knowing that an artists real life dovetails with the story they tell adds a type of meaning flights of fancy cant. Thats particularly true with pop stars. All of us enjoy conflating elements of their real life with their mythology. We freely mix, say, Jay Zs rough upbringing in Brooklyns Marcy projects with his later persona as the godlike Hova. Something similar happens with the love songs of Joni Mitchell. Many of them, we know, have addressed relationships with specific famous men, lending them a particular frisson. Yet that never hobbles their use as relatable meditations on the nature of love itself.

In Springsteens case, the mix of reality and myth doesnt only reflect his recent depression. Long ago, he aestheticized one of the pivotal relationships in his life in one of his greatest works. Every fan knows that 1987s Tunnel of Love dealt with the disillusion of Springsteens first marriage to Julianne Phillips. In song after song, he came up against the limitations of his fantasy about what constitutes love. The songs he wrote as a result rate as classics because they address the subject in a way anyone can relate to. But knowing that the artist was writing about something as he was going through awards it an extra level of resonance.

The revelation in Springsteens new book that his depression has led him to seek psychiatric help for the last 30 years also has a fascinating relationship to his role as an American symbol. For decades, Springsteen has used classic iconography to present himself as a paragon of American manhood, from his use of the flag to his devotion to motorcycles, white t-shirts and jeans. Yet he has never represented the stoic old view of masculinity. John Wayne he is not. Instead, he has always let his emotions and vulnerabilities show.

As a result, Springsteens increasing willingness to talk about his depression extends the evolution of our notion of American manhood. And that makes his openness especially helpful to others afflicted. The fact that he has suffered so profoundly while experiencing some of the greatest acclaim of anyone on the planet can also educate. It proves how resistant this virus can be to positive intervention. Together, all this blurs the line between artist, symbol and man in the best possible way. It adds a new layer to Springsteens work, while taking nothing away from what the songs mean to anyone who needs to make them their own.

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With the Boss still in prime stadium-filling form, and with plenty of intimate truths still to give up, his new tome promises more than the average rock memoir

Virtually all rock memoirs follow a similar pattern of rise and fall, before ending with acceptance brought on by sobriety, spirituality, the death of peers, or just the plain realisation that its not worth hating your bandmates any more. Virtually all, too, are at their best in their early pages covering the early years when the passion for music still burns bright, when its all still fun, when the star is rising, rather than burning out.

The cover of Springsteens new memoir. Photograph: Simon & Schuster UK

Bruce Springsteens memoir, Born to Run, out at the end of September, looks as if it might be a little different. For a start, theres his status: no bass player with a second-rate hair-metal band, he. Its hard to imagine this will be bathos-laden, often one of the only selling points of lesser rock biogs. His status, too, is current: no one else has spent as long as Springsteen selling out stadiums, year after year, to ecstatic receptions. No one else of his stature seems to feel the need to commune with their flock with such frequency.

Then there are the precedents: among his generation (and his commercial and critical peers), both Bob Dylan and Neil Young have produced books that steered well clear of the traditional rock volume. Dylan told a meandering narrative that avoided many major events, telling the stories less told. Youngs dwelled heavily on his passions audio fidelity, green motoring while his relationship with Crosby, Stills and Nash was dismissed with startling brevity.

Less ornery than either of them in his public image, at least Springsteen is likely to offer his fans a more straightforward read. The foreword to Born to Run, which he released on his website recently, promises to answer the two questions that occupy the mind of anyone watching someone undeniably great working a stage: how do they do that, and why do they do that?

Why, after 50 years as a musician, after more than 40 playing the song that gives the book its name, does Springsteen still need to hear 90,000 people singing Tramps like us, baby we were born to run! back at him? The foreword offered some clues: DNA, natural ability, study of craft, development of and devotion to an aesthetic philosophy, naked desire for fame? love? admiration? attention? women? sex? and oh, yeah . a buck. Then if you want to take it all the way out to the end of the night, a furious fire in the hole that just dont quit burning.

Communing with the flock Springsteen in 1975. Photograph: Chris Walter/WireImage

Springsteen has long appeared one of the most knowable of rock stars. So many of his songs, if not autobiographical, have appeared to give direct insights into his childhood, his family, his town, his country. One album, Tunnel of Love, dealt with his disillusionment with his first marriage. Songs are songs: they are a truth, they are not the truth. But its not only in the songs: there are books compiling his many interviews. And this rock Charlemagne has his own Einhard, in the form of writer Dave Marsh, who has conveyed his thoughts to the world. Even while writing this book, he cooperated with Peter Ames Carlin on the really very decent biography, Bruce, published in 2012.

So, on the face of it, one really shouldnt need this book. Dont we all know about his dad, his struggles, his superstardom and so on? Yes, but we still only know the facts of the legends. Born to Run gives us the chance, at last, to know why Springsteen needed to build those legends.

Born to Run is published on 27 September by Simon & Schuster.

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